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Common Causes of Migraines
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Common Causes of Migraines

Recognizing Signs & Causes of Migraines

Migraines are a type of headache that can cause severe pain, nausea, and sensitivity to light and sound. While they may come on suddenly, patients typically experience some common factors.

Keep reading to learn how to detect, treat, and prevent migraines — as well as when to seek emergency care:

What are the Symptoms of Migraines?

Migraines are often accompanied by symptoms such as flashes of light, blind spots, or tingling in the arms and legs. This form of searing pain can be debilitating, making it difficult to carry out everyday activities.

Emergency Symptoms

A migraine may be a medical emergency if any of the following symptoms characterizes it:

  • Aphasia, or the temporary inability to speak, may be accompanied by difficulty understanding others.
  • Confusion.
  • Hallucinations.
  • Loss of balance.
  • Muscle weakness on one side of the body.
  • Numbness or tingling in one arm or leg.
  • Paralysis on one side of the face.
  • Severe, throbbing pain that's worse when you move.
  • Speech difficulties.
  • Visual changes include flashing lights, zigzag lines, or blurred vision.

What are the Common Causes of Migraines?

Many different factors can trigger migraines, making it difficult for patients who suffer from chronic migraines to pinpoint their cause. However, some of the most common causes include:

  • Stress: Stress can trigger migraines by causing the body to release hormones that constrict blood vessels.
  • Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes in women can trigger migraines due to fluctuations in estrogen levels. Migraines are also more common during pregnancy due to changes in hormone levels.
  • Diet: Certain foods can trigger migraines, including aged cheeses, chocolate, processed meats, and MSG.
  • Sensory stimuli: Bright lights, loud noises, and strong smells can trigger migraines.
  • Weather changes: Barometric pressure changes can trigger migraines in some people.

How Can Migraines be Treated?

There are many different ways to treat migraines, depending on the severity and frequency of the headaches. Some treatments include:

  • Resting in a dark room.
  • Taking over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
  • Taking prescription medications as recommended by your doctor.
  • Applying ice or heat to the head.
  • Receiving acupuncture or chiropractic care.

How Can Migraines be Prevented?

Several things can be done to prevent migraines, including:

  • Identifying and avoiding triggers.
  • Regular exercise.
  • Staying hydrated.
  • Eating a healthy diet.
  • Managing stress levels.

Emergency Treatment for Migraines in Longview, Nacogdoches, and Odessa

If you suffer from migraines, it is essential to talk to your doctor about the best way to treat and prevent them. Many migraine symptoms can be challenging to diagnose independently and could indicate a more significant health issue.

If you or a loved one experiences a migraine, don't hesitate to visit our skilled team at Excel ER. Call our helpful team for more information at (903) 500-7321.


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